Meet 12 Fascinating Amphibians

Amphibians are soft-skinned organisms that live near watery habitats similar to the ones their ancestors left over 365 million years ago. View images and photographs of 12 fascinating amphibians, including frogs and toads, caecilians, and newts and salamanders.

Axolotl


The axolotl is a salamander native to central Mexico’s Lake Xochimilco. When axolotl larvae reach maturity, they do not undergo metamorphosis. Instead, they retain their gills and remain completely aquatic.

Painted Reed Frog

The painted reed frog is native to Africa’s eastern and southern regions, where it lives in temperate forests, savannas, and scrublands. Painted reed frogs are small to medium-sized frogs with curved snouts and toepads on all four toes. The painted reed frog’s toe pads allow it to cling to plant and grass stems. Painted reed frogs are brightly colored frogs with a variety of patterns and markings.

The California Newt

The California newt lives in California’s coastal regions as well as the Sierra Nevadas. This newt produces tetrodotoxin, a potent toxin that pufferfish and harlequin frogs also produce. There is no antidote known for tetrodotoxin.

Red-Eyed Tree Frog

The red-eyed tree frog is a member of the new world tree frogs, a diverse group of frogs. The red-eyed tree frog is an excellent climber. They have toepads that allow them to cling to a variety of surfaces, including the undersides of leaves and tree trunks. They are distinguished by their bright red eyes, which are thought to be an adaptation to their nocturnal habits.

Fire Salamander

The fire salamander is a black salamander with yellow spots or stripes that lives in the deciduous forests of southern and central Europe. Fire salamanders frequently seek refuge in the leaves on the forest floor or on the mossy trunks of trees. They keep a safe distance from streams or ponds, which they use for breeding and brooding. They are most active at night, but they can also be found during the day.

Golden Toad

The golden toad lived in the montane cloud forests outside of the Costa Rican city of Monteverde. Because it hasn’t been seen since 1989, the species is thought to be extinct. Golden toads, also known as Monte Verde toads or orange toads, have come to symbolize the global decline of amphibians. The golden toad belonged to the true toads, a group of about 500 species.

Leopard Frog


Leopard frogs are members of the genus Rana, which includes frogs that live in the tropical and subtropical regions of North America and Mexico. Leopard frogs are green with black spots on their backs.

Banded Bullfrog

The banded bullfrog is a Southeast Asian frog. It lives in forests and rice paddies. When threatened, it can “puff up” and secrete a toxic substance from its skin, making it appear larger than normal.

Green Tree Frog

The green tree frog is a large frog from Australia and New Guinea. Its color shifts from brown to green depending on the temperature of the surrounding air. Green tree frogs are also known as White’s tree frogs or dumpy tree frogs. Green tree frogs are a large species of tree frog, reaching lengths of up to 4 1/2 inches. Males of green tree frogs are typically larger than females.

Smooth Newt

The smooth newt is a newt species found throughout much of Europe.

Mexican Burrowing Cacilian

Guyana, Venezuela, and Brazil are home to the black caecilian, a limbless amphibian.

Tyler’s Tree Frog

Tyler’s tree frog, also known as the southern laughing tree frog, is a tree frog found in eastern Australia’s coastal regions.

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